Dynamical properties of the synchronization transition
M. Droz1 , A. Lipowski2
1 Department of Physics, University of Geneva, CH 1211 Geneva 4, Switzerland
2 Department of Physics, A. Mickiewicz University, 61-614 Pozna´n, Poland
Phys. Rev. E, 67, 056204-1 – 056204-8 (2003)
We use spreading dynamics to study the synchronization transition (ST) of one-dimensional coupled map lattices (CML’s). Recently, Baroni et al. [Phys. Rev. E 63, 036226 (2001)] have shown that the ST belongs to the directed percolation (DP) universality class for discontinuous CML’s. This was confirmed by accurate numerical simulations for the Bernoulli map by Ahlers and Pikovsky [Phys. Rev. Lett. 88, 254101 (2002)]. Spreading dynamics confirms such an identification only for random synchronized states. For homogeneous synchronized states the spreading exponents η and δ are different from the DP exponents but their sum equals the corresponding sum of the DP exponents. Such a relation is typical of models with infinitely many absorbing states. Moreover, we calculate the spreading exponents for the tent map for which the ST belongs to the bounded Kardar-Parisi-Zhang (BKPZ) universality class. The estimation of spreading exponents for random synchronized states is consistent with the hyperscaling relation, while it is inconsistent for the homogeneous ones. Finally, we examine the asymmetric tent map. For small asymmetry the ST remains of the BKPZ type. However, for large asymmetry a different critical behavior appears, with exponents being relatively close to those for DP.