Oscillations and dynamics in a two-dimensional prey-predator system
M. Kowalik1 , A. Lipowski1,2 , A. L. Ferreira3
1 Department of Physics, A. Mickiewicz University, 61-614 Poznań, Poland
2 Department of Physics, University of Genève, CH 1211 Genève 4, Switzerland
3 Departamento de Fisica, Universidade de Aveiro, 3810-193 Aveiro, Portugal
Phys. Rev. E, 66, 066107 – 1-5 (2002)
Using Monte Carlo simulations we study two-dimensional prey-predator systems. Measuring the variance of densities of prey and predators on the triangular lattice and on the lattice with eight neighbors, we conclude that temporal oscillations of these densities vanish in the thermodynamic limit. This result suggests that such oscillations do not exist in two-dimensional models, at least when driven by local dynamics. Depending on the control parameter, the model could be either in an active or in an absorbing phase, which are separated by the critical point. The critical behavior of this model is studied using the dynamical Monte Carlo method. This model has two dynamically nonsymmetric absorbing states. In principle both absorbing states can be used for the analysis of the critical point. However, dynamical simulations which start from the unstable absorbing state suffer from metastablelike effects, which sometimes renders the method inefficient.